How to Grow and Care For Jade Plant?
Have you ever purchased a Jade plant and wondered how to take proper care of it? Jade plants are one of the most popular succulent plants, with their thick, dark green leaves that make them perfect as houseplants.
The Jade plant (or Crassula ovata) is a perfect choice for your home and office as it is easy to grow and maintain. Despite its beautiful and elegant appearance, caring for a Jade plant can be quite easy if you know the right things to do. So what makes this houseplant so popular and how do you grow one? Read on to find out.
Jade Plant Overview
The plant is a succulent shrub that belongs to the Crassulaceae family. The scientific name of Jade Plant Crassula ovata is a composite of two Latin words “Crassum” which means thick and “ovatum” which means oval.
The beauty of the jade plant lies in its versatility. They can be used for almost everything around the house; whether it be adding a captivating look to your entryway or establishing a presence in your outdoor area, jades have something special.
Jade plants thrive in the warm climate and undergo a dormancy period during the winter season which means, the plant grows very slow or stops its growth in cold climates.
Although a popular houseplant to decorate with, the jade is also poisonous to pets if they ingest it. If you have a cat or dog, you need to be careful about where you put your jade plant. All parts of the plant are toxic, including the sap.
Tips Grow and Care For Jade Plant
Soil – The Base of Plants
- Jade plants like to grow in the well-drained and porous type of soil
- Use a potting mixture of Garden soil, Bajri/sand, Compost in the ratio of 1 :1 :1 for best results
- You can also mix Neem Khali or Bone meal ( optional ) in potting mix
- Make sure, it has a proper drainage hole to avoid root -rot or waterlogging in the soil
Sunlight – The most Important Factor
- Though the Jade plant is an indoor plant, it should be kept outdoor for 3-4 hours to get direct sunlight
- They prefer to grow in Semi shade area
- Too much sunlight leads to shrink & kill leaves of Jade plant
- And keeping it completely Indoor makes the leaves dropdown
Watering – Nor too less / more
- Jade plants are a type of succulent, which means their thick, fleshy leaves can store water.
- This characteristic makes them better able to survive long periods without watering hence, water them when the top of the soil is just dry to the touch.
- If the leaves begin to shrivel, it needs water.
- And when you observe brown edges on the jade plant it needs to be watered less
Prune – Like a Pro!
- Pruning is necessary to encourage new growth
- Trim the plant leaves whose branches start to drop and avoid pruning young plants
- Pruning can be done year-round but it is best practice during early spring & summer because they actively grow in a warm climate
- Use sharp tools to make your pruning cuts at about a 45° angle
Also, Read l The secret to making your Jade plant Bushy
Fertilizer – Organic > Inorganic
- Jade plant grows well even if you don’t fertilize it
- For better growth, Fertilize them once in 4 – 6 months
- Tilt the soil before fertilizing and make sure the soil is not dry
- Use nitrogen-rich organic liquid fertilizer like, Tea / Coffee grounds
Propagation – Multiply your plants
- You can propagate Jade plants by leaves or stems
- Select a healthy branch and cut it to 3 to 4 inches at a 45° angle
- Then place the cutting in the potting mixture made of cocopeat and garden soil
- Similarly, you can propagate healthy leaves in soil and watch them rooting for you
Repotting – When you see signs
- The sign of Repotting is when the roots of the plant are going out of plants, plants are growing slowly or roots are pushing the plant upwards of the planter
- When the plants are in the pot for 1 – 2 years or you feel the potting mix has to be changed that time repoting should be done
- And the best time to repoting Jade plants is during spring, as they thrive better in warm climates
- After repotting don”t water the Jade plant for 1 week
Common Pests & Disease of Jade Plant
- Mealybugs are one of the most common pests that attack jade plants.
- They are found hidden in the crevices between the leaves and the stems.
- As they feed, they excrete a substance called honeydew. The honeydew is sticky and becomes covered with sooty mold fungi if not cleaned up promptly.
- To get rid of Mealybugs Spray the neem oil solution mix with water to plants
Also, Read l Organic Ways to Get Rid of Mealybugs
Common Problems Of Jade Plant
Jade plant problems can be troublesome, but we’ve got you covered.
- Shriveled or Wrinkled Leaves
This means a very shriveled leaf or two may mean you haven’t watered enough even if the rest of the leaves look healthy.
- Loss of Leaves
There are many reasons why a jade plant may lose its leaves, but the most likely reason is too little light. Jade plants need at least six hours of bright, indirect sunlight each day.
- Yellowing of leaves
If you find the axillary (or “side shooting”) leaves look yellowish or if the leaves curl downwards, you should stop watering your jade. Wait until your jade is thoroughly dry – then mist lightly.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
- Do Jade plants Bloom?
Jade plants bloom in late winter or early spring. The star-shaped Jade flowers bloom in pink or white color. When the Jade plant is too old the plant produces a flower which means it is a sign of maturity of your jade plant.
- Can Jade plants grow outdoors?
They are susceptible to sunburn when placed in direct, unfiltered sunlight. If you are putting your jade plant outside, give it partial shade during the hottest part of the day and make sure there is plenty of water to prevent sunburn.
- Do Jade Plants bring good luck to home?
In feng shui, jade is considered protective and said to provide shelter from bad energy and bring harmony to the home. Jade is also called Stone of Heaven or Stone of God – a symbol of a higher spiritual power.
- Can Jade Plants kill cats?
Each part of the Jade plant is toxic to cats. Therefore, as a pet parent keep your cats away from them. If you find your cat has eaten the leaves of the Jade plant immediate medical treatment should be done.
5. Can we make a Bonsai from Jade Plant?
The answer to this question is, Yes. Also, it doesn’t require regular trimming. The reason why you are trimming a lot of bonsai is because of their overall size. It takes regular pruning to keep them small, which, over time, alters the shape of the tree. Their overall size will maintain itself over time resulting in few or no pruning sessions.
Is there a plant as iconic and chic as the jade plant? Well, if you have ever wondered what makes Jades special, this blog post must have been shed some light on this wonderful green thing.
There is something about the lush green of the leaves and the delicate white variegation that catches everybody’s attention. Adding these plants to your home décor will surely brighten up any room in your house.
However, like other houseplants, jades require regular watering, pruning, and proper care for healthy growth. We are hopeful, with the help of this guide you gained enough knowledge about Jade plant care. It is easier to care than you think.
Still, have some queries? Feel free to ask in the comment section